ЗНО английский язык 2009 с ответами

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ЧИТАЙТЕ ПОЛНЫЙ ТЕКСТ ДОКУМЕНТА

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Зовнішнє незалежне оцінювання з англійської мови 2009 року
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№ і зміст завдання
Reading
Task 1. Read the texts below. Match choices (A-H) to (1-5). There are two
choices you do not need to use. Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet.
An example (0) has been done for you.
0 Cinda Wood
I really love working with flowers and also have loved
learning Photoshop CS2 and InDesign. My first book
was created just for florists, with a CD for their web
sites’ images. Most people do not realize that 95% of
all images online for florists belong to wire services
and so the book filled a niche. I now have been
creating floral cookbooks for people who are not
florists with simple instructions to help the beginner.
A writes guidelines
for newbies
1 Donna Hardyman
I am trying to learn as much as I can about the fauna. I
love writing about my dogs, be it training, or the
unconditional love they give. I am also exploring the
B enjoys sports and
dream of selling everything I own, packing up the dogs
animals
and seeing the US in a recreational vehicle. Any
suggestions to sites, forums, etc that will help me fulfill
my dream of travelling with my dogs will be
appreciated!
2 Alex Mayer
I absolutely adore horseback riding. I own three horses
here in the UK. A stallion named "Perseus" who is
insane and I think that's why I prefer to ride him and a
new stallion named "Disraeli". He's even a bit more
C is ready to discuss
crazy than the other. It's always a fight of wills and I
various topics.
love the fight. The other is a mare named "Seripho"
who is an absolute sweetheart. Besides riding, I play
tennis and just started taking boxing lessons; it's a killer
workout.
3 Jerry E Spencer
I have travelled all over the world and have seen a lot
of things in my life, and I have loved all of it. I am a
people person, I like talking with people from all over
the world. My wife says that I talk more than ten
women put together. I would like to help as many
people as I can with my writing. I feel if I can help you
out with something, then I have done some good out
here in this world. And that is a good feeling.
D invites other people
to participate in
his/her activity
1-G
2-B
3-F
4-D
5-C
4 Tim Bennett
Although I am English I have been living in the
Philippines for the last 10 years and contrary to what
you may have heard about all the bad things in the
Philippines it is a wonderful country with loads of
opportunities. I believe very heavily in taking action
rather than just talking about things and my programs
are based around weaving the principles of wealth into
our lives rather than living superficially. If you would
like to be part of my team in any way or if you would
like any help you can contact me anytime.
E is interested in
becoming a travel
agent
5 Mike Bova
I am an Advertising Director and Business Columnist
for a chain of newspapers in the Fingerlakes Region. I
also own The Upstate New York Shopping And
Business Directory. Please feel free to email me
whether you are into business or not. Networking is a
very good thing! Let's talk about whatever...
F adores
communicating with
other people
G wants to travel with
his/her pets
H wants to start
his/her own business
Task 2. Read the text below. For (6-10) choose T if the statement is true
according to the text, or F if it is false. Mark your answers on the separate answer
sheet. An example (0) has been done for you.
Sailing into History
By Cesar G
Imagine yourself on a boat looking out at the horizon and all you can see is the
water meeting the sky with no land in sight and you are sailing straight ahead to
meet the world. Jesse Martin does not have to imagine: he is living it.
On Dec. 7, 1998, at 17 years old, Jesse departed from Melbourne, Australia on his
boat Lionheart to attempt to become the youngest person to sail solo and nonstop
around the world. He sailed south of New Zealand, through the South Pacific,
around South America, north on the Atlantic, back south past Africa, through the
Indian Ocean and back to Melbourne.
Even as a young child, Jesse had been an adventurer who travelled all over
Europe and Asia with his parents. Born in Munich, Germany in 1981 he moved to
Australia with his family when he was only two years old. They moved close to a
rainforest in Cow Bay, about 3,500 kms north of Melbourne, where they built a
small house with no electricity or running water. Jesse grew up at the beach
enjoying the outdoors to its fullest.
6-F
7-T
8-F
9-F
10-T
At 14, he sailed for the first time with his father and brother, Beau. It was after
this trip that he began to dream about sailing around the world. But first, Jesse
catamaraned from Cairns to Cape York, then he and his brother kayaked in the
rivers of Papua New Guinea. From there, he went on to join a yacht crew to sail
from Belize to Tahiti. These experiences kept his dream alive.
Jesse’s family played an important role. “I was made to believe I could do
anything,” he says. Although, he says, there were others that were not so
encouraging or supportive, “People that I looked up to, respected and trusted told
me I couldn’t. Thankfully, I trusted myself. There were people that said that the
boat couldn’t be ready by the time I had to leave.” However, through
perseverance and belief in himself he was able to do what many told him was
impossible.
On Oct. 31, 1999, more than 10 months after he set sail, Jesse Martin went down
in history as the youngest person to sail around the world solo, nonstop and
unassisted. Jesse remained on dry land only long enough to document his voyage
in a book called Lionheart: A Journey of the Human Spirit, and to plan his next
adventure. He is now off on what has been named “The Journey of Kijana,” a two
year around the world excursion crewed by five young people.
At one point on his solo trip, as Jesse overcame the obstacles that faced him, he
says, “I started thinking not of what I could do after this trip, but more like what
couldn’t I do! Yeeeehaaaaa!!!”
0 Jesse Martin began his travelling when he was a little child. - (T)
6 Jesse had lived in Munich, the city he was born, until he was 14 years old.
7 The boy had already been a skilled sailor when he began his round-the-world
voyage.
8 Jesse’s brother Beau didn’t approve of his idea about an unassisted world tour.
9 Jesse Martin dreamt of becoming famous and getting world-wide recognition.
10 Jesse’s dream had come true because of his self-confidence and
purposefulness.
Task 3. Read the text below. For questions (11-15) choose the correct answer (A,
B, C or D). Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. An example (0) has
been done for you.
DEATH of the Classroom The New Wave of Online Education
By Scott Reekie
Picture a society where learning can happen at any time, in any place and can be
completed without ever going to class. This could be the new wave of education
and the Internet technology now exists to support such a system.
The virtual classroom is here. If you are interested in English, or Civil
Engineering, then head to the university and click yourself a degree. Well maybe
it's not that easy, but you would be on the right track. The flexibility of studying at
your own pace, and the money you save with online courses are two of the main
11-A
12-D
13-B
14-C
15-C
attractions.
The Web is a powerful educational tool. Yet some feel that virtual classrooms will
isolate students from each other, which will result in problems developing
interpersonal relationships and that these skills are much more important than
computer skills. Should teachers teach kids how to behave in society, how to
respect others and how to co-operate or should kids have already learned this from
their parents? No one is saying that social skills aren't important, however, virtual
classrooms are far about more than just computer skills. Some strongly believe
that education can be taught via the Web and social skills can be gained from
joining sports teams, summer camps, or just hanging out!
Others argue that this virtual classroom may place pressure on students: to
become computer literate or be left behind in life. Is this undue pressure or
reality? Maybe being left behind in life is a little dramatic, but the reality is that
the computer age is here. Whether you want to pay for your new jeans with your
debit card, or check to see if the library has the book you want, you're going to
need some computer skills.
The development of flexible, inquiring minds has rarely been the main concern in
the design of educational systems. After all, if you have over thirty inquiring
minds and only one teacher, flexibility could be a problem. It seems that
developing students' proper social behaviour has always exceeded the concern to
develop students' creativity. Computer technology can make individualized
attention a real possibility. At the Institute for the Learning Sciences, systems are
being developed to allow people to try out things in simulated worlds. This
technology will allow for the individual creative growth in students.
The Web will provide amazing opportunities for the education of our society.
Anyone with a phone line and a computer has access to unlimited amounts of
knowledge and programs designed to help them learn and understand. The
teachers and parents involved with these programs will be given the job of making
sure that students lead well-balanced lives that combine Web based education and
positive social interaction with their friends and neighbours. Imagine your
recreation room has now become your classroom, and your parents seem to be
doing as much homework as you are! So, be prepared as the virtual classroom
may find its way to a computer screen near you!
0 What is the author’s overall attitude towards a virtual classroom?
A He is enthusiastic.
B He is skeptical.
C He is indifferent.
D He is disapproving
11 Why are people attracted to online education?
A Because it is cheap and flexible.
B Because it is fashionable and new.
C Because it is powerful and easy.
D Because it is unlimited and fast.
12 What do the advocates of online education maintain?
A It increases students’ social skills.
B It develops computer skills.
C It complements education at home.
D It will boost students’ creativity.
13 What do the opponents of online education maintain?
A The virtual classroom will result in dramatic changes.
B The virtual classroom will place a burden on students.
C Students’ academic performance will suffer.
D Students cannot ignore the reality of the computer age.
14 Why does the author mention “over thirty inquiring minds and only one
teacher”?
A To prove that inquiring minds have been the main concern of the educational
system.
B To prove that teachers overestimate the value of students’ social behaviour.
C To prove that individualized attention is hardly possible in a traditional
classroom.
D To prove that teachers feel no special concern for developing students’
flexibility.
15 What role are parents supposed to play in the web based education of society?
A They will have to do home assignments together with their kids.
B They will have to balance social activities and learning of their kids.
C They will have to control the virtual and real-life activities of their kids.
D They will have to help their kids get access to the virtual classroom.
Task 4. Read the text below. Match choices (A-H) to (16-20). There are two
choices you do not need to use. Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet.
An example (0) has been done for you.
Making the Most of Your College Applications
By Melissa Algranati and Jennifer Gioia
You can't believe that after 12 years of education your future depends on what
pearls of genius you can cram onto a handful of pages – or that complete strangers
will sit in a room and determine if you will be "worthy" of attending their
institution.
This can be a stressful time. Below are real questions answered by real college
admissions professionals in the United States.
0 _____A_____
Really concentrate on your extra-curricular resume and essay. These are the two
areas that will make you noticed. Take time to think about why you are involved
in the activities that you are doing. What do they mean to you? How have they
shaped you? How might they be of value to the university or college you will be
attending?
16-H
17-C
18-F
19-B
20-G
16__________
Absolutely! A number of colleges and universities give scholarships and awards
to those who have been involved in leadership or community service projects.
Include your involvement in extracurricular activities, and make sure to highlight
any honors or awards you have received.
You can also include it in your college essay, and talk about the skills you learned
and opportunities you had.
17 __________
It often depends on the school. Big universities and state schools get thousands
and thousands of applicants each year, so they tend to focus on your grade
average, scores, and class ranking. Smaller universities and colleges will have
more time to focus on things like the essay, recommendations, and extracurricular
activities.
18 __________
Think about who knows you best. Who can talk about your academic
achievements and aspirations, as well as your character and qualities? Most
students ask teachers, club advisors, coaches, and mentors.
To get the best letters possible, make sure you identify people who are supportive
of you. When you ask them, let them know where you are applying and why. The
goal is to choose someone who will stress the strengths you have already
highlighted, or provide an opportunity to add something new about you that the
admissions officer does not yet know.
19 __________
It definitely has an impact. You should always pay attention to your grades,
especially those in your junior year of high school. But don't fret. What
universities look for most is an upward trend, someone who is constantly getting
better and improving.
If there is an unexpected event that caused your grades to drop, that will also be
taken into consideration. And, if you have only done well in a particular subject,
you can highlight that strength, stressing that you will use college as a way to
really hone in and excel at your strengths and your passions.
20 __________
Each university and college has a specific application fee, which can be found on
the school's website. A lot of times fee waivers are available. Check with your
guidance counselor. In addition, some schools will waive the fee if the student
comes to visit the campus and takes a tour or completes the school's online
application.
A How do I create a power-packed application that stands out from all the other
applications?
B My grades haven't been consistent throughout high school. Is that a problem?
C What do colleges look for most? Grades, extracurricular activities,
volunteerism, or something else?
D Where can I note any special needs or disability on my application?
E How much do I have to pay for my study once if I am enrolled?
F Lots of the colleges I am applying to ask for recommendations. Who should I
ask?
G How much do application fees cost? What if I can't afford to pay them?
H Is my out-of-school activity something noteworthy to put down on the
paperwork?
Task 5. Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (21-32)
choose the correct answer (A, B, C or D). Mark your answers on the separate
answer sheet. An example (0) has been done for you.
Native English Animals
By Nicola Jane Soen
Now England has hardly any predatory animals in the (0) ____A______, but has it
always been that way? Not according to ancient rhymes. England was once a
country where predatory animals freely roamed and so danger lurked.
Many centuries ago bears, wolves, lynx, etc, ranged the forests and woodlands.
Also wild boar, Elk and Aurochs (wild bulls) were (21) __________. However,
although some of these species hung on till medieval times, most of these animals
were long gone by that time.
The last English wolf in England was (22) __________ killed and the population
extinct by the 16th century, although in Wales it is thought to have lasted a few
centuries (23)__________. The great Auroch herds did not least nearly as long
and were sadly gone as early as the 9th Century, although on the continent it
lasted for many, many (24)__________ centuries.
There was an even bigger size herding animal in Britain in the early centuries.
The Giant deer species called Megaloceros, with an antler span of up to 3 meters;
it was possibly (25)__________ by the time Neolithic man was making wooden
stockades. But the antlers were often found, and perhaps used for digging with.
Lynx is thought to have gone by the 10th Century, in England at least. It is
thought that the Neolithic settlers mingling with peoples already present or taking
over, came from the continent and brought their own animals;
cattle, (26) __________ dogs and cats, pigs and also goats with them and built the
wooden stockades to protect them.
In Saxon England land was cleared (27) __________ the forest and a large
communal area was used for farming; this was divided into strips called furrows.
However by Medieval times the rich landlords had claimed a lot of land and
planted hedges (28) __________ their boundaries. This may have meant farming
was easier, but for the poor it meant they were beggared and
starving, (29) __________ the loss of their land meant the loss of their
livelihoods.
Land by the Thames was taken from the people in medieval times and given over
to sheep farmers for the trading of wool, which by then had become an important
industry that provided (30) __________ for the crown.
21-B
22-D
23-A
24-A
25-C
26-D
27-B
28-A
29-B
30-C
31-D
32-B
So by now most of the original predatory or herding wild animals had
been (31) __________ by non-native species. Thankfully there is now a program
that is re-releasing our original, surviving animals back into their own natural
habitat. We (32) __________ desperately that this is successful.
0 A wild
B nature
C wood
D plain
21 A rich
B plentiful
C many
D brimful
22 A credible B maybe
C possible D probably
23 A longer
B later
C more
D earlier
24 A more
B past
C less
D last
25 A dead
B obsolete
C extinct
D vestigial
26 Aschooled B captured
Ceducated Ddomesticated
27 A to
C out of
D of
28 A to mark B to show
C to
exhibit
D to label
29 A like
B as
C that
D so
30 A pay
B fee
C income D rent
B from
31 A survived Btransferred C carried
D replaced
32 A dream
D sure
B hope
C think
Writing
Task 1. Read the text below. Complete the story with the correct forms of the
words in brackets (33 – 44). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet. An
example (0) has been done for you.
33-began
34-were
flying
The Bermuda Triangle
35-carrying
36-could
The Bermuda Triangle, or Devil’s Triangle, is the name (0) given ( give) to an
37-author’s
area that has been at the centre of many unexplained disappearances. It lies
38-was
between Bermuda, Miami and San Juan, Puerto Rico. Within this area of water,
released
numerous planes and ships have mysteriously vanished.
39-have
been
The mystery of the Bermuda Triangle (33) __________ (begin) in 1950. A small
published
article appeared outlining the strange disappearances of ships and planes. The area
40-more
was given the name The Devil’s Sea. In a feature in 1964, Vincent Gaddis
41-are/were
christened the area the Bermuda Triangle.
42experienced
One of the most famous disappearances occurred in 1945. Flight 19 was a
43-remains
squadron of five naval bombers that supposedly disappeared while
(ed)
they (34) __________ (fly) over the Bermuda Triangle. The two planes that set
44-be
solved
out to rescue Flight 19 also disappeared and were never found. Naval ships such
as the USS Cyclops also disappeared without a trace. A large
ship (35) __________ (carry) ore also mysteriously vanished after only three days
at sea. An official statement by the US Coastguard stated that repeated search
attempts were made, but no traces (36) __________ (сan) ever be found of the
missing planes or ships.
Popularity of the Bermuda Triangle phenomenon reached a peak in 1974 with the
publication of Charles Berlitz’s book. The (37) __________ (author) book was
called The Bermuda Triangle. At around the same time, a film with the same
name (38) __________ (release) as well. Numerous articles and
books (39) __________ (publish) since then to try to give scientific explanations
to the mystery. Some of the explanations have been (40)__________ (much) than
credible.
There (41) __________ (be) a number of discrepancies in the reports of the Flight
19 disappearance. Flight 19 was reported to have been manned
by (42) __________ (experience) pilots flying in calm weather. In fact, the flight
was a training exercise for students and the weather had turned stormy. The last
contact with the flight stated that they were running low on fuel. The flight would
no doubt have crash-landed, and no one could have survived the stormy seas of
the triangle.
For all credible explanations of the disappearances, one mystery (43) __________
(remain). None of the crashed planes were ever recovered. As a mystery, the
Bermuda Triangle is one that may never (44) __________ (solve).
Task 2. You’ve received a letter from your English pen-friend. He/she wrote that
he/she had problems with the study of French at school and thought that French
lessons were tiresome and not interesting. He/she likes Maths and History better
than French. Write a letter to your pen-friend in which you write
- why studying foreign languages is important
- about the foreign language lessons in your school
- about your foreign language teacher/teachers and
- advise him/her how to make the study of foreign languages easier and more
interesting.
Write an informal letter of at least 100 words. Do not write any dates and
addresses.
no
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